Closing Statement from Indonesia delegation By Harry Hikmat
I would like to say thank you very much for Peruvian Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion and German Cooperation, and implemented GIZ and World Bank to arrange Lingking Social Assistance and Productive Inclusion Workshop on 12 and 13 November 2014.
Base on workshop, we can share and learn about initiatives that link up income support programmes with production inclusion programmes. In particular, lesson learn of the workshop to (1) share the effective data management on the link between social assistance and productive inclusion, (2) learn the components to be included in the national policy and programmes development implemented Asian and Latin American, (3) share and learn the targeting packages of employment services linked to social assistance programmes, coordination inter sectoral, institutional arrangements and monitoring and evaluation
The social protection scheme in Indonesia has undergone substansial reforms in the last years being restructured along four major pillars (1) family based integrated social assistance programmes, for example CCT and UCT and in kind transfers or subsidized Health Insurance for the poor,(2) community empowerment programmes, such as a CCT to communities that provides annual block grants to improve health services, education services, welfare services, income support and productives inclusion programmes at local level, (3) programmes to expand economics opportunities for low-income households and to achieve their economics and financial inclusion, such as micro credits or initiatives to support women empowerment, (4) programmes to improve access to basic social services by Single Window Services or Single Referal System for poor households and vulnerable communities
As mentioned by Ibu Vivi in her presentation yesterday, in Indonesia there are a wide range of socials assistance schemes, as well as programs aiming at productive inclusions under the 3 pillars of the Indonesian poverty reduction strategy.
- Conditional Cash transfer program PKH
o We learnt a lot from Latin American countries like Mexico and Brazil during the last years to design and implement this program.
o Besides cash transfers the program has other elements:
• facilitators who have the task to accompany the beneficiary families and help them with daily problems
• family development sessions which focus on behavior change of mothers of poor families to allow transition out of poverty in the long run.
These elements already aim at linking the PKH program to measures that promote active inclusion of beneficiary families contributing to transition out of poverty in the long term.
Lessons learnt from this workshop for the future:
integrated database and the convergence of different databasesis one important precondition to link social assistance and productive inclusion programs to graduate families from poverty in the long run.
- In Indonesia, there exists an extensive database covering 40 % of the poorest households. This could be an important tool to better link different programs in future. More programs could use the database in future. For this regular updating of the data is important.
- Interesting examples presented in this workshop were the Social Registry in Ecuador or the experiences we heard about linkages between the CCT program and the Sustainable Livelihood Program in the Philippines.
Another important mechanism to better link different programs of social assistance and productive inclusion at local level and make them more accessible for the population are single referral systems / one-stop shops / single window services.
- They can serve as a contact point for the delivery of social protection as well as labour market and productive inclusion programmes at local level.
- One of the interesting examples that was presented here is the experience with single window service at local level in Guatemala.
- In Indonesia, we also have first experiences with Single Window Services in several districts and we are committed to extend this model. In the new strategy of the Ministry for Social Affairs that will be also part of the Indonesian 5-year development strategy 2015-2019 single referral systems at local level will be mentioned as one important tool for the implementation of social assistance schemes at local level in future.
However, programs are at the moment rather fragmented and not yet linked with each other. Better integration and convergence of different programs is necessary and is one of the priorities of the new government which came into office only a few weeks ago. Therefore, this will be one of the main tasks that we will be working on in the upcoming years.
The success at the linking social assistance and productive inclusion also face some challenges in social protection and labour mainly to ensure the eligibility of beneficiaries, universal access to social protection programmes, competent human resources (including social worker and local facilitator), budget provision, and integrating monitoring and evaluation.
We face specific challenge to meet the need of lingking social assistance and productive inclusion in Indonesia, develop and new paradigm of integrated social assistance and income support programmes by Single Window Services. The focus of shifting in to meet the need of the poor by serving an integrated services in line with their complicated problems. Other thing that we want to learn is on developing protocol for data sharing among central ministries, among local government, and between central and local government. The new paradigm of social protection programmes formulated as part of long and middle term national development plan.